World Agricultural Production China Cotton: 2018/19 Production Projected to Decrease Slightly from Last Year

China’s 2018/19 cotton production is forecast by USDA at 27.0 million 480-pound bales (5.88
million metric tons), down 2 percent from last year, but same as the 5-year average. Area is
estimated at 3.35 million hectares, down 2 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 1,755
kilograms per hectare (kg/ha) down slightly from last year’s record of 1,761 kg/ha but up 10
percent from the 5-year average of 1,602 kg/ha. The projected yield is above the long-term trend
due to an increasing share of cotton being planted in Xinjiang province where yield is nearly
double compared to elsewhere in the country.
Cotton planting began in April and typically continues through May. The major production
regions are in Xinjiang province as well as in the provinces of Shandong, Hebei, and Jiangsu.
The start of this year’s sowing season has been characterized by favorable weather and soil
moisture across the major cotton regions, facilitating rapid planting and early crop establishment.

Fuente: USDA

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