Global Mobility Report 2017

Tracking Sector Performance

Executive Summary

Toward Sustainable Mobility for AllTM The world of transport is changing rapidly, and its future path is uncertain. We know that mobility will increase as more people and goods move across towns and across the globe: by 2030, annual passenger traffic will exceed 80 trillion passenger-kilometers—a 50 percent increase compared to 2015; global freight volumes will grow by 70 percent compared to 2015; and an additional 1.2 billion cars will be on the road—double today’s total. Meeting growing aspirations for mobility has the potential to improve the lives and livelihoods of billions of people—their health, their environment, and their quality of life—and to help minimize the effects of climate change. But the future of mobility can also go in another direction: it can engender gross inequalities in economic and social advancement, promote fossil fuel use, degrade the environment, and add to the number of deaths from transport-related accidents and air pollution. This recognition catalyzed the global momentum from which the Sustainable Mobility for AllTM (SuM4AllTM) initiative emerged. SuM4All is a global multi-stakeholder partnership that speaks with one voice, and acts collectively to help transform the transport sector. Its ambition is to make mobility: (i) equitable—ensuring that everyone has access to jobs and markets through good quality transport regardless of their economic or social status; (ii) efficient— to allow people and goods to move from place to place quickly and seamlessly; (iii) safe—by halving the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents and other modes of transportation; and (iv) green—by lowering the environmental footprint of the sector to combat climate change and pollution.

The Global Mobility Report 2017

The Global Mobility Report 2017 (GMR) is the first-ever attempt to examine performance of the transport sector globally, and its capacity to support the mobility of goods and people, in a sustainable way. The GMR is built around three components: (i) four global objectives that define “sustainable mobility”; (ii) quantitative and qualitative targets for those objectives, drawn from international agreements; and (iii) indicators to track country-level progress towards those objectives. It covers all modes of transport, including road, air, waterborne and rail. While the ambition is clear, realism is equally important. Because the sector is scant on indicators and data, this first edition concentrates on structuring the space—the vision—and taking stock of indicators and targets—not yet actually tracking progress toward sustainable mobility. Among all possible transport indicators, it identifies both actual and desirable indicators. Actual indicators consist of those endorsed through the SDG indicators process and those commonly used by practice leaders in transport. This data for over 180 countries will be presented on-line in a user-friendly format via “country mobility snapshots”. The methodologies and data for other indicators will be developed over time. Both actual and desirable indicators form the basis of the “Elementary Global Tracking Framework for Transport” (GTF). It is envisaged that the GTF will be used to track actual performance towards sustainable mobility in support of the 2030 Agenda. The GMR will be refined and updated every two years.

Fuente: World Bank

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